With the Home Buyer’s Plan (HBP), you can withdraw up to $25,000 from your registered retirement savings plan (RRSP) to pay for your new home, as long as:
- You’re buying or building a qualifying home. A qualifying home is a housing unit located in Canada and can be an existing home or one that is being constructed. Single family, semi-detached, townhomes, apartments, condominium units, and mobile homes all qualify.
- You’re considered a first-time home buyer and this is where you’ll live most of the time and
- You meet the RRSP withdrawal conditions
Keep in mind, the amount you withdraw must be repaid back into your RRSP.
Note: If spouses and/or common-law partners are planning to purchase their first home together, each person can withdraw up to $25,000 for a total of $50,000 from their own RRSPs. Repayments must then be made to each person's RRSP, respectively.
You’ll need to start your repayments the second year after the year you withdrew the money from your RRSP. This means if you used the HBP to help you buy or build a home in 2018, you won’t need to start paying back what you borrowed until 2020. You have up to 15 years to repay what you owe, and you’ll need to pay back at least 1/15 of the total amount you’ve withdrawn per year. If you don’t, you’ll need to include the rest in your annual income.
Am I a first-time home buyer?
You are considered a first-time home buyer if you or your current spouse or common-law partner didn’t own a home in the past four-year period. As a rule, you can only participate in the Home Buyers’ Plan every four years – so even if you aren’t considered to be a first-time home buyer today, you might be considered one once a period of four years has passed since you sold your last home.
For example, if you sold your home in 2014, you might be able to participate in the Home Buyers’ Plan again in 2019.
Where can I see my HBP details?
From the year you start repaying your HBP withdrawal amount, you have to file a Schedule 7: RRSP and PRPP Unused Contributions, Transfers, and HBP or LLP Activities form with your return each year until you’ve repaid the whole HBP withdrawal amount or included it in your income. With the Schedule 7, you and the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) can keep a track of your HBP repayments. Once you’ve filed your return, the CRA will send you an HBP statement of account with your notice of assessment (NOA) or reassessment, which includes:
- Your total withdrawals
- How much you’ve repaid so far (including any additional payments and what you’ve included on your tax return because it wasn’t repaid)
- Your remaining balance
- What you need to contribute to your RRSP or pooled registered pension plan (PRPP) as repayment for next year
You can also see your HBP statement of account online by logging into My Account (registration required).
Even though the CRA requires that you repay the amount you withdrew under the HBP within 15 years, it doesn’t mean you cannot pay more than the minimum amount each year.
For example, let’s say you contributed $5,000 to your RRSP in 2018 and, according to your NOA, you’re required to repay $1,500 under the HBP. You can choose to designate any amount between $1,500 and $5,000 as your repayment amount. While making a larger repayment won’t reduce the number of years you’ll need to make repayments, it will reduce the amount that you’ll be required to repay for each remaining year.
Can I choose to make an early repayment under the HBP?
You sure can! As mentioned above, you’re required to begin making repayments in the second year after the year you made a withdrawal from your RRSP. If you choose to designate a repayment amount the year after you withdrew the funds instead, your NOA won’t indicate how much you’re required to pay back (because your repayment period technically hasn’t started yet).
Let’s say you withdrew $25,000 from your RRSP in 2018 to purchase your first home. Technically, you won’t have to start repaying this amount until 2020. If, however, you contributed $5,000 to your RRSP in 2018, you can choose to designate some or all of your contribution as a repayment under the HBP.
Sometimes, things don’t always go as planned. For example, you may have withdrawn funds from your RRSP to be used under the Home Buyers’ Plan only to have the purchase of your home fall through. If that’s the case (and you didn’t actually end up using the amounts withdrawn from your RRSP to buy or build a home), you’ll need to include the withdrawn amounts in your income for 2018.
If the above situation applies to you, and you don’t plan on buying (or building) a replacement property by October 1st of the year following the year you made your withdrawal, you can cancel your participation in the HBP – if you choose this option and repay the amount you withdrew under the HBP, your withdrawal won’t be taxed. Any portion of the withdrawn amount that isn’t repaid will need to be included with your income for the year.
Note: The amount withdrawn from your RRSP to be used under the HBP can be found in box 27 of your T4RSP slip.
Where do I claim this?
- Under the QUICK ENTRY tab, click the QUICK SLIP icon. You will find yourself here:
- Type Home Buyer’s Plan (HBP) repayment amount in the search field and either click the highlighted selection or press Enter to continue.
- When you arrive at the page for your RRSP contributions and HBP or LLP repayments, under the Your Home Buyer’s Plan or Lifelong Learning Plan heading, answer Yes to the question: Have you taken money out of your RRSP to buy a home, under the Home Buyers’ Plan (HBP), and do you want or need to repay some of that amount this year?
- Enter your information into the tax software.