Your answer to this question helps us determine if you’re eligible to claim certain dependant-related deductions and credits on your return, including:
- Eligible dependant amount
- Canada caregiver tax credit
- Disability transfer
- Tuition transfer
Other information, like the age of your dependant, will be used to calculate amounts like your GST/HST credit or your Working Income Tax Benefit (WITB).
If you share custody of your dependant with someone else, only one person can claim the amounts mentioned above.
Who is considered a dependant?
A dependant is typically someone who:
- Is a child under 18, grandchild, parent, grandparent, brother, sister, niece, nephew, aunt, or uncle (of yourself or your spouse or common-law partner), or someone who is mentally or physically infirm
- Is related to you by blood, marriage, or adoption
- Lived with you in Canada in a home that you maintained
Where do I claim this?
Follow these steps in H&R Block’s 2018 tax software:
- Under the GET STARTED tab, click the ABOUT YOU icon then click the Your family link.
- Answer Yes to the question, Do you have dependants? then click Continue.
- Click the ABOUT YOUR DEPENDANTS icon.
- Enter your dependant’s information into the spaces provided on the page. Before you click Continue, make sure you answered Yes to the question, Does this dependant live with you?.
How do I claim credits for dependants that live with me?
Once you’ve entered your dependant’s information into the tax software, follow these steps to claim your dependant-related credits*:
- Click the name of the dependant located on the left-hand navigation panel.
- Under the Expenses and Transfer amounts headings, select all the expenses and transfer amounts that applied to you in 2018. When you’re finished, click Continue.
- When you arrive at the page(s) of the expense(s) and transfer amounts you selected, enter your information into the tax software.
*Certain credits, like the eligible dependant amount, can be optimized on the Dependant amounts page of the OPTIMIZATION section.
Important: If you indicated that your marital status was married or in a common-law relationship, you might need to tell us which of you will be claiming which credit under the OPTIMIZATION section on the WRAP-UP tab.